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ARIF SHAHID KO SHAEED KYON KEYA GAYA

IMG_0623” گر بازی عشق کی بازی ہے جو چاہو لگادو ڈر کیسا 
                        گر جیت گئے تو کیا کہنا، ہارے بھی تو بازی مات نہیں”
                                    عارف شاہد کو شہید کیوں کیاگیا ؟                                  
                  انسان صدیوں کے لئے دنیا میں جینے کےلئے نہیں آیا۔جو بھی پیدا ہوا اُس نے اس 
فانی دنیاسے کوچ ہی کرلینا ہے البتہ انسانی شعور نے جب ارتقائی عمل طےکیا تو
کروڈوں اربوں انسانوں میں چند سو ہی ہونگے جنہوں نے انسان کی پیدایش اور 
اس کی موت پر غور کیا ہوگا ۔اس غوروفکر کی بدولت ہی سب نہیں بلکہ چند سو ہی 
انسانوں کی بہتری کے لئے اشرف المخلوقات کہلائے اور یہی وہ لوگ ہیں جو نہ صرف 
اپنے معاشروں میں سرخرو ہوئے بلکہ پوری انسانیت کے سامنے قابلِ عزت و تعظیم ٹھہرے؟ 
بے شک ان میں سے بہت لوگ متناذعہ بھی بنے اور کچھ کے سامنے جو  ” دہشت گرد ” تھے 
وہ بہتوں کے ہاں حریت پسند اور جو کسی کے سامنے”ایجنٹ ”کہلائے وہ نہ صرف محبِ وطن
ٹھہرے بلکہ قوموں نے اُن کو عظیم ہیرو قرار دیا۔

آج  میرے اس آرٹیکل کا ہیرو بھی ایک ایسا شیفق،دل گداذ،لوگوں کا ہمدرد اور لوگوں کو 
سوچ و نظریاتیغلامی سے آذاد اورپورے جموں و کشمیر کو متحد کرنےاور غلامی سے نجات 
دلانےکے لئے خون رنگ جدوجہد کرنے والا عارف شاہد ہے جس نے اپنے آدرشوں اور اپنے ہم 
وطنوں کو غلامی سے نجات دلانے کے لئے اپنی جان بھی قربان  کرلی تھی عارف شاہد نے 
سپریم کورٹ آف پاکستان سے اپنی طویل جنگ جیت لی تھی کیونکہ حکومت نے ان کو چار 
سالوں سے  Exist List  لسٹ پر ڈالا تھا۔سپریم کورٹ نے حکومت کی پابندی کو منسوخ
کیا تھا اور عارف شاہد چند دنوں کے بعد ایک ماہ کےلئے بیرونی ممالک کے دورے پر جارہا
تھا مگر تین دن پہلے ہی عارف شاہدکو قتل کردیا گیاجب وہ اپنی گاڈی سے اتر کر گھر کی
طرف جارہا تھاتو ان پر تین گولیاں پروفشنل قاتلوں نے چلائی وہ وہاں پر ہی شہید ہوئےیہ
مئ ۱۳ تاریخ تھی ۔مجھے کھبی بھی 13  تاریخ کھبی بھی منخوس نہیں لگتی تھی مگر اس
حادثے کے بعد میرے لئے یہ تاریخ باقی بہت سارے لوگوں کی طرح ” منخوس” ہی لگنے لگی ہے۔
آج تیسرا سال ھوگیا مگر آج تک اِن تین سالوں میں قاتلوں کا نشان بھی نہیں ملا۔کیسے ملتا
قاتل ؟                      
                          ”ہمیں سے سنتِ و منصور وقیس باقی ہے
                        زنداں زنداں شور اَنالحق محفل محفل قل قل ہے”
عارف شاہد کون تھا؟ کھائی گلہ رولاکوٹ میں پیدا ہوا وہاں ہی ابتدائی تعلیم حاصل کی تو یہ 
اس کو معلوم ہی نہیں کہ کب غمِ روزگار سے آنکھیں لڑی ؟مگر اپنے آپ کو دھران سعودی عرب 
کے ریگستانوں میں  اپنے اور اپنے خاندان کی سانسوں کے رشتوں کو قائم رکھنے کے لئے  
مزدوری کرتے ہوئے پایا۔اندر کے انسان نے غلامی سے نفرت کرنے کی صدا دی۔افضل طاہر 
جیسے حُریت پسند و آذادی کا دیوانہ ملا۔ انھوں نے آگ کی تپش تیز کردی۔ہزاروں لاکھوں 
ہم وطنوں کو جب عرب کے تپ ودق صحرا میں روزی کے لئے نہ صرف دھکے کھاتے ہوئے دیکھا 
بلکہ محنت کی کمائی کے لئے بھی تذلیل سہتے ہوئے پایا تو بغاوت کا جنون اپنی حدوں سے باہر آنے لگا۔
عارف شاہد لبریشن فرنٹ میں اس طرح شامل ہوا کہ عارف شاہد عارف شاہد نہ رہا بلکہ
لبریشن فرنٹ ھوگیا تمام سعودیہ میں کنوینر بنکر نہ صرف سعودیہ میں بلکہ تمام گلف میں 
لبریشن فرنٹ کو منظم کیااور ”چندہ جمع کرنےکی مشین” بنکر امان اللہ خان کے لئے 
سعودی بینک ثابت ہوا۔اپنی آمدنی کا پچاس فی صد بھی پارٹی کی نظر کرتا رہا۔میں اُن دنوں 
لبریشن فرنٹ کو ”آذاد کشمیر” اور پاکستان میں منظم کررہا تھا۔عارف شاہدجب بھی گھر آتا تھا
مجھ سے پاکستان میں نہ صرف ملتا تھا بلکہ ھم کافی دنوں تک اکھٹے رہتے تھے اور کشمیر کے 
بارے میں  وہ ”انتہا پسند”بن گئے تھے؟ ہم جب ریاست میں نشلسٹوں کی حالت پر غور کرتے تھے
تو ہم نااتفاقی،حسد،ایک دوسرے کے خلاف سازشوں اور ” خفیہ ایجنسیوں کے ہاتھوں معمولی
مفادات کے ہاتھوں خود مختار مومنٹ کے خلاف کام کرنا” عارف شاہد ہمیشہ اتفاق کی بات کرتا
تھا۔ اس کے اندر اَنا اور کوئی  بھی لالچ وطن کی محبت کے آگے نہ رہی تھی۔

وہ کہتے تھے تم لوگ ہمیں ہندوستان سے آذادی کی  جدوجہد کرنے کے لئے تیار کرتے ہو۔
مگر مجھے یہ بتاو”اس خطے کو جس کو آذاد کشمیر کہتے ہو، اس کو کونسی آذادی حاصل ہے 
نہ سڑکیں ہے،نہ علاج معالجہ کی کوئی سہولیت میسر ہے، ہم لاکھوں لوگ جو سال بھر کی محنت 
کے بعد آرام کرنے کے لئے گھر آتے ہیں ہم سبوں کو اپنے ماں باپ، اپنے بیوی بچوں کے علاج کے لئے 
راولپنڈی اور لاہور کے چکر کاٹنے پڑتے ہے، ہم لوگ پاکستان کو کروڈوں  ڈالر زرمبادلہ کی شکل 
میں فارن ایکس چینج دیتے ہے مگر ہمارے ہاں روزگار کے لئے کوئی فیکٹری یا کوئی اور انڈسٹری 
نہیں لگائی جاتی ہے اور پھر باہر سے گھر آنے پر پاکستان کے ائیر پورٹوں  پر ہمارے ساتھ جو 
سلوک ہوتا ہے اس سے  غلامی کی زلت کا شدید احساس ہوتا ہے۔پھر جب اپنے آقاوں پر نظر پڑتی ہے 
تو یہ ہندوستانی نہیں بلکہ پاکستانی ہے، ہمیں اور گلگت والوں کو پاکستانیوں نے غلام بنایا ہے؟ 
منگلا ڈیم کو بنانے کے لئے لوگوں نے اپنے آبائی مکان ہی نہیں بلکہ اپنے پیاروں کی قبریں بھی ڈیم 
کی نظر کردی مگر یہ وعدہ کرنے کے بعد بھی کہ نہ صرف  منگلا کے پانی سے بننے والی بجلی 
مفت دی جائے گی بلکہ ھم وہاں سے نکلنے والی بجلی کی رایلٹی بھی دینگے، مگرمفت بجلی اور
رائلٹی کی تسلی ہوگئ کاش ہمارے ہاں بارہ بارہ گھنٹے لوڈشیلڈنگ ہی نہ کرتے۔ ہمارے ہاں لوگ 
دس پندرہ سالوں تک عرب کے ریگستانوں  میں مزدوری کرکے آتے ہیں اور یہ سب مکان اور بچوں 
کی تعلیم اور بیماریوں پر خرچ ھوتا ہے اور آخیر میں ہم کام ڈھونڈنے نکلتے ہے تو کام نہیں ملتا 
کیونکہ پاکستان نے ہمارا ارسال کردہ سارا زرمبادلہ پنجاب اور دوسری جگہوں پر لگایا ھوتا ہے 
اس لئے ہم سب کو پھر سے باہر کام ڈھونڈنے کے لئے دربدر کی ٹھوکریں کھا کر پھر پردیس جانا
پڑھتا ہے اور یہ سلسلہ ہماری موت تک چلتا ہے اور ہم آخیر می گھر تابوت میں آجاتے ہے” ۔

یہی وہ سچ تھا جس کی بنیاد پر عارف شاہد لبریشن فرنٹ  کا باغی بن گیا۔ وہ یہ مطالبہ کرنے 
لگا کہ” آذاد کشمیر اور گلگت بلتستان ہندوستان کے نہیں پاکستان کی غلامی میں ہے ہمارا استصال 
پاکستانی کررہے ہے تو ہمیں یہاں پاکستانی حکمرانوں کے خلاف لڑنا چاہئے۔ہمیں اسلحہ اور روپیہ 
ایک غاضب سے لیکر دوسرے غاضب کے خلاف  نہیں لڑنا چاہئے کیونکہ یہ آذادی کی جنگ نہیں 
بلکہ ایک غاضب کی مدد کرنا ہی نہیں ھوگا بلکہ یہ تو اپنی غلامی کی زنجیریں مضبوط کرنا ہوگا”  
اورکشمیر مذہبی بنیادوں میں تقسیم ھو گا۔

عارف شاہد کو اس آرٹیکل میں خرآج تحسین پیش ہی نہیں کیا جاتا البتہ اس کی چند پبلک جلسوں 
میں تقریروں کے اقتباسات پیش کرتا ہوںے وہ کہتے ہے
”آج تک ہماری عقل میں یہ بات نہیں آئی کہ جو جہاد کا درس دیتے ہیں ان میں سے پاکستانی جنرلوں 
کےبچے،قاضی حسین کے بچے، حافظ سعد کے بچے امریکہ میں پڑھتے ہے اور مزدور کا بچہ،،دوکاندار 
کابچہ،کسان اور ریڑی والے کا پندرہ اور چودہ سال کے بچے کے لئے جہاد  فرض ہے۔ان بچوں کو دس 
سے پندرہ دنوں کی ٹرینگ دے کر مروانے کے لئے پار دھکیل دیتے ہے۔ اگر جہاد میں اتنی ہی کشش ہے 
اور اتنا ہی ثواب  ہے تو ان جنرلوں کو جانا چاہے جو پاکستان کے قومی بجٹ کا ۸۰٪ فی صد کھاجاتےہے”        

”ہم نے اس جہاد کو کشمیریوں کی آذادی کی جنگ کھبی نہیں سمجھا یہ پہلے دن سے آئی۔ایس آئی 
کی Proxy war  تھی  انڈیا کے ساتھ جس میں  لبریشن فرنٹ استمعال ہوئی ہے۔ جو خود کو ”خود مختار”
کشمر کا دعواء کرتےتھے ”

”ریاست جموں کشمیر کوئی مذہبی جھگڑا نہیں ہے ہم صدیوں سے  ہندو،بودھ، مسلمان،سکھ ہم سب 
اس وطن کے  بیٹے ہیں اور ہم سب کو مذہبی منافرت میں مبتلا کیا ہے۔یہا ن جو جن کو ہیرو بنایا جاتا ہے 
وہ ایجنٹ ہے خفیہ ایجنسیوں کے۔ اُنھوں نے ہی ان کو پروپگنڈے کے ذریعہ لیڈر بنایا”۔

عارف شاہد جیسے لوگ اگر  زندہ قوموں میں پیدا ہوتے تو تعظیم اور عزت اور مثال بنانے کے لئے اُن کے 
بُت جگہ جگہ کھڑے کئے جاتے مگر ان کے نام پر یورپ میں اُن کے ہم وطن اور نوجوان سیاسی پناہ تو 
لے سکتے ہے مگر اُن کی راہ اپنانے میں عزت کی موت مل جائے گی یورپ کی عیاشی نہیں؟ ا ُن کا ایک 
رشتہ دار ہے جو لبریشن فرنٹ میں رہ کر آئی۔ایس ۔آئی کے ساتھ کام کرتا تھا مگر پھر اسی ایجنسی 
کے خلاف یورپ میں سیاسی پناہ لے لی اور دنیا جہاں کا جھوٹ بول کر یورپ کے ایک ملک میں چھ سات 
بچوں سمیت سیاسی پناہ لی ہوئی ہے جو کھبی لبریشن فرنٹ کا بڑا عہدہ دار تھا۔وہ اُس کے بارے میں 
آئی۔ایس۔آئی کا پروپگنڈہ کرتا ہے کہ” عارف شاہد ” ایجنٹ تھا۔ جب تک ہم کشمیر کے لوگ اس بات کا 
اِدراک نہ کریں کہ غلام قوموں کو منتشر اور غلام رکھنے کا یہ قابض قوتوں  کا ایک بڑا ہتھیار ہے تب تک 
ہم آذادی اور خود مختاری کی پہلی اینٹ بھی نہیں رکھ سکتے ہے۔

عارف شاہد پوری زندگی سعودی عرب میں کام کرتا رہا مگر اس نے وطن مستقل واپس آنے سے پہلے اپنا 
کارو بار بھی کھڑا کیا تھا۔جس میں بنجوسہ راولاکوٹ میں ایک ہوٹل بھی تھا۔ہوٹل میں انھوں نے کونٹر 
کے پیچھے اپنی فوٹو رکھی تھی کس نے پوچھا کہ ” لوگ تو کسی بڑے آدمی یا ملک کے فونڈر کی تصویر 
لگاتے ہے مگر آپ نے اپنی لگائی ہے کیوں؟ عارف نے جواب دیا کہ مزدوری میں نے ریگستانوں میں کی اور 
یہ ہوٹل میری محنت سے بنا ہے مجھ سے ذیادہ فوٹو لگانے کا کون حقدار ہوسکتا ہے”

عارف شاہد  بہت سارے یتیموں کی مدد کرتا تھا میری طرح اپنے سیاسی مخالفوں کی بھی مدد کرتا تھا 
عارف شاہد نے کشمیر کی سیاست میں وہ کردکھایا جو آج تک اِدھر یا  اُدھر کسی سیاسی لیڈر یا پارٹی  
نے نہیں کردیا تھا یعنئ عارف نے اکیس نشنلسٹ سیاسی گروپوں اور پارٹیوں کو ایک پلیٹ فارم پر منظم کرکے
”اپنا” کے نام سے نشلسٹوں کا مضبوط اتحاد کھڑا کیا اور اس میں کوئی شک نہیں کہ یہی اتحاد عارف شاہد 
کے قتل کے لئے آخیری کیل ثابت ہوئی کیونکہ اس اتحاد میں شوکت مقبول بٹ،  وجاہت خان کرنل حسن خان کا 
بیٹا ،پروفیسر خلیق اور بڑے پائے کے نشنلسٹ موجود تھے۔ عارف شاہد جزباتی ہی نہیں تھا وہ دلیل اور منطق سے 
بات کرتا تھا اُنھوں نے چھ سات کتابیں بھی کشمیر کی قومی آذادی پر لکھی ہے وہ دلیل دے کر مخالفوں کو لاجواب 
کرتا تھا اور جیسا کہ جاہلوں کا طریقہ ہے کہ ” دلیل نہیں ہے تو جھگڑا کرلو مار دو” اورعارف کے دلیل کا جواب نہ 
تھا اسی لئے اس کو غاضبوں اور بزدلوں نے مار دیا۔ اور اُسی کے ساتھ ”اپنا” یعنئ آل پارٹی نیشنل الائنس کا اتحاد
بھی اب ڈھونڈنے سے بھی نہیں ملتا۔ اِ سی لئے عارف شاہد جیسے اتحاد کے پیام بھر کو قتل کیا گیا تاکہ نشنلسٹ 
متحد نہ ہوسکیں ؟

جس طرح شہید مقبول بٹ کو پھانسی کے پھندے تک ایجنٹ کے ناموں سے پکارتے تھے اسی طرح پروپگنڈے نے 
عارف شاہدجیسے سچ کے سورج پر بادلوں کا سایہ ڈالا ہے مگر میرا وجدان ہی نہیں بلکہ میرا ایمان ہے کہ 
جب ریاست کے لوگوں کو سچ اور جھوٹ میں تمیز کرنے کا جزبہ پیدا ھوگا اور جب ان کو اپنے وطن سے محبت 
ہوگی تو تمام لوگ زور زور سے پکاریں گے ”عارف ہمارا ہے اور ہم سبوں کو عارف کی طرح وطن کے خاطر قتل کرو”
اورایک بڑی پیشنگوئی یہ کرنا چاہتا ھوں کہ چاہئے لاکھ کشمیر کے سچے نشلسٹوں  کے خلاف دونوں ملکوں کے 
خکمران یا اُ ن کے ضمیر فروش مقامی ایجنٹ،ایجنٹی ایجنٹی کا کھیل کھیلے مگر جیت ان سب عظیم اور محبِ وطن  
انسانوں کی ہی ہوگی جو مادر وطن سے بےلوث محبت کرتے ہے اور جو وطن کے ہر فرد کو چاہے وہ کسی بھی 
مذہب،ذات ،برادری یا علاقے سے تعلق رکھتا ہو اِس وطن کے باشندے سمجھ کر اُن کے حقوق کی جنگ لڑتے رہے ہے 
اور یہ بات بھی یاد رکھو کہ سُدھن قوم بہت بہادر ہے لیکن سوئے ہوئے ہے لیکن جب یہ قوم جاگ اُٹھے گی تو بخدا 
عارف شاہد کے لئے سب پکاریں گے” عارف شاہد ہمارا ہے اور ہمارا تھا” وہ وقت آنے والا ہے۔ سورج کو بادل تھوڈی 
دیر کےلئے چھپا تو سکتے ہے مگر سورج تبوتاب سے آخیر کار طلوع ھوہی جاتا ہے۔

                            ”جس دھج سے کوئی مقتل میں گیا ،وہشان سلامت رہتی ہے 
                              یہ جان تو آنی جانی ہے،اس جان کی کوئی بات نہیں”
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                                                            ہاشم قریشی
                                    چیرمین جموں کشمیر ڈیمو کرٹیک لبریشن پارٹی 

Why the Gun and not civil disobedience?

“It’s easier to fool people than to convince them that they have been fooled “                                                    

For some time in some parts of the valley, especially South Kashmir, activists of LeT, Jaishe Muhammad and Hizbul Mujahideen are martyred in encounters with the army. Properties are destroyed. A new situation has arisen in which the youth, both males and females, of the adjoining localities come out in crowds and throw stones at the security forces. Some civilian lives have been lost. In Kakpora a girl and a boy were killed in these tragic events.HQ

Thousands of guns taken up by the Kashmiri youth could not change the situation in Kashmir. Security forces have seized about 95 thousand guns and huge quantities of ammunition from active or surrendered militants. It springs me surprise whether a few gunmen of LeT or JM coming from Pakistan or about a hundred odd HM gunmen can change the status of Kashmir. Some questions arise:

  1. Does the international community consider these few incidents as our struggle for freedom?
  2. Can we defeat the might of the Indian military by these stray incidents?
  3. Can we foster unity among the people in Kashmir by undertaking these few activities?
  4. Is the use of gun considered struggle for freedom or terrorism?
  5. Do those, especially the Hurriyat, who give outright support to the gun, think that they will realize the purpose of accession of Kashmir to Pakistan? Is it not their political compulsion or political business?
  6. Political organizations supporting the gun too had their armed outfits. If they earnestly thought that armed struggle would bring success to their mission why did they disband their armed outfits then?
  7. Is not political representation a symbol of dissension?

Do the people doing gun politics believe that gun is the only source of their liberation? Can Pakistan continue to support Kashmiri gun wielders in the light of international scenario?

Let us try to answer these questions: Nobody on international level is going to support the struggle waged in Kashmir either with or without the gun if it is for accession to Pakistan. During last 26 years not a single nation out of 200 of them supported us whether our struggle was a freedom struggle or terrorism?

No international organization stands by us, not even a single Muslim country? However, some human rights organizations did occasionally speak about us but at the same time they denounced violation of human rights by some of our organizations even if we were among the oppressed. All that they did was to advise India and Pakistan to resolve their dispute through peaceful dialogue.

Kashmir Diaspora in foreign countries especially from PoK could not make any effective impact on international organizations. About 15 lakh people from PoK and IoK are settled in England. PoK Diaspora has formed some organizations there. Not more than a hundred persons attend their gatherings. At times other than the President and the Secretary, there is some who attending the meeting. Their activities are limited to staging a demonstration in front of Indian Embassy in London. Some of them based in the US may make a stray demonstration in front of the UN. They are usually sponsored by the Pakistan Embassies. Remember world community rendered help to freedom struggle in Palestine, Vietnam and East Timor. Kashmir could not register international support. The reason is that their cause is not freedom but accession either to Pakistan or India.

Ordinary people in Kashmir should, by now, understand that they cannot throw out 12 lakh Indian troops from Kashmir. Their leaders and thinkers should have understood it much earlier but they refuse to do so. Ordinary people are becoming the victims of destruction. It is not going to work. If it did, Pakistan’s 6-7 lakh soldiers would have launched attack on Kashmir and thrown out Indian troops. Pro-Pakistanis consider Kashmir part of Pakistan. As such Pakistani army should snatch Kashmir from Indians if pro-Pakistanis want accession to Pakistan?

Division of the State placed Gilgit-Baltistan and Pok in the hands of Pakistan and Pakistan further divided the two parts namely PoK and GB. India retained Ladakh, Kashmir and Jammu. In 1962 China illegally occupied Aksaichin. The State was divided into four regions. Previously there was no regionalism though sometimes very feeble voices were raised in Ladakh and Jammu. After the armed struggle in Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh began to feel more insecure. Jammu began demanding separation from Kashmir and Ladakhis demanded union territory status. Pakistan created wedge between the Shias and Sunnis in Gilgit and Baltistan. Seeds of hatred were sown against Kashmir and Pok. Sentiments of nationalism were sacrificed at the altar of communalism and factionalism. Hurriyat supported this line of thinking with the result the State was distributed in three parts on our side of the LoC and in two parts on the other side. This indeed was the big conspiracy behind the launching of armed struggle in Kashmir. Conspiracy was given a go with the extirpation of the Pandits from the valley.

 

In 1970s Maqbul Bhat introduced armed struggle for freedom of Kashmir. People of Kashmir were under the spell of Sheikh Abdulla and they called Maqbul Bhat a “murderer and criminal”?. That was a time when freedom struggles in Algeria, Vietnam and African countries were advancing. But here in Kashmir, people gave no importance to the ideology of Independent for JK trough of armed struggle of Maqbul Bhat. Pakistan crushed National Liberation Front through the Ganga hijacking case. Pakistan never wanted struggle for independent Kashmir to succeed. They do not accept it even today ?

 

The world considers gun as the symbol of terrorism. How come that we become scapegoats of terrorism by handling a few guns.

 

My article titled “why not Civil Disobedience in place of Armed Struggle,” written in 1993 is included in my book The Unveiling of Truth. But some people were day dreaming that freedom is round the corner. I had then predicted the destruction that gun would bring in trail.

 

Hurryat does not do anything beyond issuing statements or publicizing their photos during participation in condolence meetings. They do support armed activities because if they don’t do that, “their politics will reach the dead end.” They also get the quota for engineering and medical seats in the name of orphans. Therefore we are right in concluding that their superficial activities bring them only material comfort? Propagating among youth to participate in armed conflict is meant only to further their political ends and status?

 

Some political parties are part of the Jihad Council of Muzaffarabad. It is not compatible with the thinking of a political thinker. Political organizations that have abandoned armed struggle or are not indulging in armed struggle but are represented in the Jihad Council? What does it mean? Maybe they are accomplices in the funding which Jihad Council receives from Pakistan?

 

Speeches delivered by political leaders on the occasion of burial of martyrs reflect that they have full faith on armed struggle. But when we cast a glance and their own character we find that they have kept their children and themselves away from the gun but have also managed to obtain medical, engineering and business opportunities for their wards and children? Their business runs in hundreds of millions. For the kids of poor laborers, artisans and wage earners they deliver sermons of fighting jihad and finding beautiful girls in paradise as promised? For their own sons they make the paradise in this world and help them find beautiful damsels here and not wait for the paradise?

 

Foreign pressure on Pakistan has increased to the extent that Pakistani defence minister categorically stated Pakistan is not in a position to help Kashmiri jihad’s. Only the other day, the Security Adviser of Pakistani Prime Minister former General Naser Junjua conveyed to the Indian NSA, Ajit Doval the information that ten Pakistani terrorists had entered Gujarat. Call it whatever we may, one thing is clear that Pakistan is no more able to lend support to armed and terrorist activities?

 

I appeal to all well-meaning persons including serious media persons to pay attention to my above mentioned article without prejudice and without anger. I appeal to them to pull this nation out of the clutches of gun. In the course of civil disobedience there is no rationale of keeping AFSPA in place. India will have to account for each killing happened in a civil disobedience movement? We have seen the happenings in JNU. The gun has taken our struggle as hostage? It is for the people to decide whether they pay heed to my article written in 1993 or whether after gaining experience of twenty six years of struggle they will shift to civil disobedience movement? But remember the civil disobedience movement has to be disciplined and organized and active in all the regions of the State. If you are going to thrown a stones during encounter on security forces and they open fire on stone-palters, leading to bloodshed, then those supporting violence will find a pretext to give calls for strikes. By doing so they will be able to get additional pecuniary benefits from their beneficiaries? But under the international law, Indian forces cannot be held responsible because you are standing with “Militants” at the time of encounter? It will be a situation of war? If your adversary rains bullets on you he has a justification in self defense during a encounter?

 

Government has kept a prize of 7 to 15 lakh rupees for informer giving information us about militant movement? We most of the Kashmir’s are known for corrupt morals? The story makes rounds that one who has informed the police about the movement of militants are the first person to be in the funeral procession of the militant? What is the outcome of a struggle which you are unable to win through gun?

 

I was returning from my visit to Europe. At Delhi I boarded the airplane for Srinagar. Some big officers were also seated in the plane. Just to engage them, I asked them that they would be regretting the death of their soldiers in fight. The senior officer replied that “not to speak of their soldiers they even regret the death of the enemy.” I asked why authorities don’t think of solving the issue through dialogue. The senior officer replied that “they had neither the shortage of men nor of material.” He said “they had been fighting for last seventy years and they were prepared to fight for another 140 years.” He said that “India had no international pressure nor was there a fight against us like the one in Afghanistan, Syria or Iraq. If we Indians donate one rupee per head per day for war expenses, we shall collect 1.20 thousand million rupees in one day.”

 

I do not mean to stop people from bringing out peaceful demonstrations. But do not make demonstrations at a place where two parties are engaged in a gun battle? I would like to make it clear that if there is stone pelting at the place of encounter, be that Jama Masjid, Nowhatta or Khanyar, neither the Indian government nor the State government and nor the international body will consider it civil disobedience It is so because two crore people of the State are sitting silently in their homes, work places or offices? Eighty lakh people should coolly consider whether by stone pelting in downtown Srinagar, or South Kashmir or Sopor, does it means India will quit a go away by considering it a freedom movement?

 

The truth is that those running this movement have not considered programme and plan of running the movement? They raise slogans which can take anybody nowhere? Of course those who give call for the slogans want to be projected at the centre of the movement. All they do is to engineer the killing of innocent youth. Call for strike effective only in areas where shopkeepers apprehend damage to their shops. Shopkeepers of Lal Chowk appear to the most affected victims. Government functionaries consider strike a holiday and enjoy it. India has no impact of these strikes. Economists say that Kashmir has suffered a loss of 13 lakh crore rupees, J&K is a consumer State and it had to bear the brunt?

Keeping in view the suffering that we have gone through during past two decades and half, we should something to protect our future generations. We should hold seminars very frequently and we should open debate on this issue in each household, each street and each locality. We need to ask questions from those who give call for strikes and hartals?

 

ع۔   ًسچ کہہ کےکسی دور میں پچھتائے نہیں ہم۔ کردار پہ اپنے کھبی شرمائے نہیں ہم ً

 

“ Sach kah ke kisi daur main pachhtae nahin ham

Kirdar peh apne kabhi sharmae nahin ham.”

 

THE KASHMIR MAGAZINE

 

Hashim Qureshi

Chairman JKDLP

عقیدت کے پھول

عقیدت کے پھول !
مقبول بٹ کی تٗربت پر ! جو لاکھوں دلوں میں ہیں

پانچ صدیوں کی جدوجہدمیں مقبول بٹ کاثانی کوئی نہیں؟

مغلوں کے کشمیر پر قبضے کے بعد آج تک ہزاروں محبِ وطن وطن کی آذادی کے لئے قربان
ہوتے رہے اور آذادی کی دیوی کے قدموں میں گرم گرم لہو نچھاور کرتے رہے اور نہ جانے کتنے
لوگوں نےتشدد گاہوں اور جیلوں میں سسِک سسِک کر اپنی جانیں تاریک راہوں میں قربان کی؟

ع۔ ہم جو تاریک راہوں میں مارے گئے                                                              ۔ 10306262_608890045910134_5719422388863314351_n

،مگر اُس  فلسفہ ساز،نظریہ ساز،عشق  کی انتہا، نئ سوچ کےخالق،آذادی، انقلاب، عزت
غیرت آبرو، برابری،اور غریب پروری کاغم خورجیساان پانچ صدیوں میں کوئی نہ تھا جس نے
کشمیرکے لوگوں کو،اس جمِ غفیر کو اپنی پہچان  کرائی تھی؟ قوم اور قومیتوں کا درس دیا تھا؟
آذادی کے اصل مہفوم  کی تشرع کی تھی؟آذادی کو جبری قابضوں سے صرف آذادہونا ہی نہیں
بلکہ آذادی کو استصال کے خلاف،ظلم و جبر،تشدد، سامراجیت،اور قبضہ گیروں کےخلاف اعلان
جنگ کا نقارہ قرار دیا تھا اُنھوں نے پاکستان کی نام نہاد عدالت میں گرج کر کہا تھا:

”میں فرسودگی دولت پسندی استحصال غلامی اور منافقت کے خلاف
بغاوت کا مرتکب هوا هوں”

مقبول بٹ! نظریاتی بیماروں اورکوڑھ کے نظریاتی مریضوں کامسیحابنا تھا۔دلوں اوردماغوں میں
انقلاب پیدا کرنےوالے،جزبوں اورسوچوں میں ذلزالہ لانےوالاطوفان بنکر آیا تھا وہ؟آج انقلاب اور
سوشل ازم ،قومی جمہور کی باتیں اور نعرے لگانے والے کہاں تھے اُس وقت جب صرف الحاقیوں
کو ہی حُبِ وطنی کی سرٹیفیکیٹ ملتاتھااور باقی سب غدار کہلاتے تھے؟مسلم کانفرنس میں شامل
نہ ہونے والے کو ”مسلمان” ہی نہیں مانا جاتا تھا؟1526765_742683559197448_532092767762225948_n

اس منجمندالحاق کی بیمارسوچ سے باہر لانےوالے،سقراط،ارسطو،افلاطون اور اناالحق کے وارث
مقبول بٹ جیسے عظیم رہبر اور درویش صفت تو نئ سوچ، نئے خیالات اور نئے نعرے لیکراس قوم
کی پانچ صدیوں کی فالج ذدہ سوچ کا علاج کرنے کے لئے لقمان بنکرآیا تھا؟وہ نفس کےقطب تھے!

آدمیوں کے جِم غفیر کےساتھ اس عظیم انسان کو جو بھی تولتا ہے؟ اُس کے شعور پر، اُس کی
عقل پر اوراُس کے انسان ہونے پر ہی شک کیا جاسکتا ہے؟ہاں یہ سچائی ہے کہ جموں کشمیر کی
دھرتی نے لاکھوں شہید پیدا کئے لیکن اُن میں کتنے تھے جو مقبول بٹ کی طرح آذادی کے جزبوں،
شعور کی بلندیوں  اور وطن کے مکمل اتحاد کے ساتھ آذادی اور استصال کے خلاف شعور پیھلاتے
اور ان آدرشوں کے لئے جنگ لڑتے ہو ئے پھانسی کے پھندے کو چوم کر گلے میں مسکراتے ہوئے قبول
کرتے رہے؟اس انقلاب کے پیغمبر کی عزت کرو تاکہ کل آنے والی نئ نسل تماری عزت تو کریں؟
مقبول بٹ شہید کے گلے میں جو رسی ڈالی گئ وہ اس کے اپنے ساتھیوں نے تیار کی تھی مگر
مقبول بٹ ذندہ باد کے نعرے لگانے والے بہت سارے لوگ یہ سب جانتے ہوئے بھی ان ”قاتل مجاوروں”
کو اپنا ”لیڈر” سمجھتے ہیں؟ کھبی تو حساب ھوگا؟ کھبی تو انصاف ھوگا؟ کھبی تو قاتلوں کے
چہروں سے نقاب تو اُتارا جائے گا؟

مقبول بٹ صرف ایک نعرہ اور ایک فرد نہ تھا؟ وہ تو چلتا پھرتا انقلاب تھا۔ ہر وقت انقلاب کے اُستاد
کے فرائض ادا کرتے تھے۔ وہ صرف چہرےبدلنے اور مقامی لوگوں کے اقتدار منتقل کرنے کو آذادی نہیں
کہتے تھے اُنھوں نے واشگاف اور اعلانیہ کہا تھا:

” آزادی سے هماری مراد صرف کشمیر کی مقدس دهرتی سے غیر ملکی
تسلط کا خاتمہ ہی نهیں بلکۂ بهوک وافلاس جهالت بیماری معاشی اور
سماجی نا همواریوں کو شکست دینا هے ”

کاش تم میں سےکسی ایک کو اس انقلاب کے پیکرکے ساتھ انقلابی جذبےاور وطن سے عشق کرنے
کےپاگل پن کے ساتھ رہنےکا شرف حاصل ہوتا؟قطب اور آسمانوں کے وارثوں کا تقابل نہیں کیا جاتا؟
ذرا سوچو مقبول بٹ کے انقلاب اور اُن کے ںظریہ ان کی جدوجہدسے پہلے ہم کیا تھے؟ کیڑے مکوڑے؟
الحاق جیسی بیمارئ اور کوڑھ کے شکاراور بزدلی کا طعنہ اور لاچاری کا کینسر کہلاتے تھے؟

آج ہم سب وہ لوگ شہید کی موت مر رہے ہیں جو فلسفہ آذادی اور انقلاب کےلۓ اوراستصال کے
خلاف اٹھ کھڑے ہوۓ ہیں اور مقبول بٹ کے نام لیوا کی حثیت سے مو ت کو گلے لگالینگے؟کوئی تو
اِن پانچ صدیوں میں مقبول بٹ جیسالیڈر اور انقلابی کی کوئی مثال ریاست کی تاریخ میں نکال
کر تو دو ؟جس نےپوری قوم کو غلامی اور الحاق کی غداران و بیمار سوچ سے چند لمحوں میں
آذاد کیا ہو؟ آج تک ریاست میں سبوں نے مذہب،ذات، برادری، علاقہ پرستی اور اُونچ نیچ کی بنیاد پر
لوگوں کو منتشر کیا مگر کشمیر کے اس عظیم سپوت نے بار بار کہا کہ:

” کشمیر کی آذادی جو بھی مذہبی بنیادوں یا ذات و برادری یا اونچ نیچ  و علاقہ پرستی
کی بنیاد پر لڑیں گے وہ کشمیر کو ٹکڑے ٹکڑے کرنے کے ذمہ دارہونگےایسی کوئی بھی
جدوجہدآذادی کی جدوجہد نہیں بلکہ تقسم در تقسم کرنے کی سازش ہوگی”

اے پیکر وفا! صدیوں کے بعدپیدا ہونےوالےانقلابی! تم نے کشمیریوں کی آنکھوں سے غلامی کا پردہ
چاک چاک کیا! تم نےہم کو غیرت اور عزت کےمعنئ سکھادیۓ! اےنظریہ خود مختار کے فلسفہ ساذ!
تم نےالحاق کے نظریہ ساذوں کے نہ صرف بت توڈ دیۓبلکہ ”مجاہد اور غاذی اور شیر” کہلانے والوں
کے القاب نوچ کے پھینک دئے! تم کو اپنے وطن اور اپنے ہم وطنوں کے ساتھ محبت اور عشق کے بدلے
میں کن کن الزامات کا سامنا کرنا پڑھا! لیکن تم نے اپنے عشق کوکھبی کم نہ کیا! تم نے کہا:

”حق پرستی اور حق شناسی کے دعوے رکهنے والوں کیلے بهترین زندگی وه هے جو
سچاهی کا شعور حاصل کر لے اور اس شعور کی روشنی انفرادی اور اجتماعی
زندگی کی تزهین و آراهش میں صرف هو”

اےحوصلےاورچٹان کے پیکر! تم ” اپنوں” کی ساذشوں کا شکار ہوۓ اور تم آمر ہوۓ ابن علی کیطرح !
تم نے ثابت کیا کہ تم کشمیر کے حسین ابن علی ہو ! تمارے قاتل رسوا ہوۓ بھی اور ہونگے بھی ،
ذرہ میرے اور تیرے عوام کو شعور تو آنے دیں؟ تم جن کو غاصب قرار دیتےتھے؟ تمارےنام کا استصال
کرکےان ہی غاصبوں کے، تیرے قاتل اتحادی بن کر تیرے قوم کو فرقوں، مذہبوں ،ذاتوں، علاقوں اور
برادریوں میں تقسیم کیا گیا؟

اے آذادی اور روشنی کے مینار نور! آج تیرا دیش تقسیم در تقسیم ہوگیا ہے, علاقوں میں، برادریوں میں،
سوچوں میں اورتنظیموں میں اور سب تیرے ” وارث “بھی کہلاتے ہیں؟ جس قتلِ ناحق کے بدلے میں تمیں
انتقاماََ قابض قوت نے پھانسی کا پھندا پہنایا اُس قتل کے بارے میں آپ نے نہ صرف اپنے آپ کو الگ کیا
تھا بلکہ واشگاف لفظوں میں  اپنے آخیری لمحات میں اعلان کیا تھاکہ:

” مجھے اُس جرم کی سزا دی جارہی ہے جو یہاں سے سات ہزار میل دور ہوا ہے”

اے انقلابیوں کی عظیم روح ! تمارے ساتھ ! تماری تربیت ! تمارے جذبوں ! تمارے افکار سے ایسا
محسوس ہوتا تھا کہ تم آج تک پیدا ہونے والے انقلابیوں کی تمام روحوں کو اپنے اندر سموۓ ہوۓ ہو !
تم جب لیکچر دیتے تھے تو ایسا لگتا تھا کہ تم تمام فلسفیوں کے امین ہو!

اے میرے بےلوث رہبر! دکھوں اور ظلمت کے اندھیرے راستوں میں روشنی کے مینار نور !
تم جاہل اور عام انسانوں کو سنگتراشوں کی طرح انقلاب ! انقلاب کے لۓ تراشتے تھے !
تم عظمت کے ایسے مینار ہو جس کی روشنی ہر اندھیرے دلوں کو روشن کرتی ہے!

اےدلوں میں ذندہ رہنے والے منزل کے نشان ! تماری قبر تو نہیں ہے مگر ہر اس دل میں تماری
یاد اور اور انقلابی جذبے ذندہ ہے جو انسانوں اور کمزور طبقوں، مظلوموں پسے ہوۓ لوگوں
کے لۓ جدوجہد کررہے ہیں ! تم ذندہ ہو اور ہر ذمانے میں ذندہ رہو گے !غلاموں کی غلامی کے
خلاف، مظلوموں کی ظالموں کےخلاف نا انصافی اور استصال کے خاتمے کے خلاف جہاں کہیں
بھی جدوجہد جاری رہے گی ! تم ہر اُس جگہ مینارِ نور بن کے رہو گے !

” جو رُکے تو کوہِ گراں تھے ہم۔ جو چلے تو جاں سے گزر گئے ہم
رہِ یار ہم نے قدم قدم تجھے یاد گار بنا دیا”

تمارے جذبوں ! تمارے حوصلوں ! تماری محبتوں ! تماری جدوجہد وتماری عظمتوں کو تمارے
وفادار شاگرد کا لاکھوں سلام! لاکھوں سلام! لاکھوں انقلابی سلام !

خود مختار کشمیر،انقلاب زندہ باد ! مقبول بٹ اَمر ہیں!

ہاشم قریشی condolence

جموں کشمیر ڈیموکرٹیک لبریشن پارٹی کے چیرمین بھی ہے

Is the gun our friend or foe?

Like a good physician, a political leader keeps a constant watch over his people. He makes prescriptions according to the changing mood of the people as does the physician prescribe according to Health State of his patient.     
 
When a nation begins its struggle for realization of its rights, the leadership takes full care that the people are made to make as little sacrifice as is possible. If the objectives are not realized through civil disobedience, then the prescription for political struggle can be changed. In 1918, Gandhiji had launched the struggle against the colonial power. A crowd in Calcutta got enraged and set a police station on fire in which a few Englishmen and some local police personnel were killed.  Gandhiji immediately stopped his movement saying that he would not place the foundation of his freedom movement on the blood of innocent people. He knew that a violent movement would consume the lives of millions of people. 
 
Unfortunately, pseudo-leadership leads the people in Kashmir. It is neither able to diagnose the disease nor prescribe a proper remedy. Their prescription at the moment is violence and the use of gun, which serves the interests of many actors on the scene. They do not mind if the patient dies by inches just for the improper treatment meted out to him. In a struggle of violence when weapons are used, one with larger resources, weaponry, manpower and better technology has the upper hand. However, in some cases, the world opinion did help the weaker struggling nations to achieve their goal as in Vietnam and in Afghanistan. The truth is that at both the places, the real fighting was between two superpowers of the day, the USA and the erstwhile Soviet Union. 

What has the gun given to Kashmir’s? 

The gun has brought an end to the culture of coexistence in Kashmir society.It has exacerbated extremism and sown the seeds of communalism secular polity has been devoured by the monster of communalism. The gun has consumed the generation of Kashmiri youth in streets and market places, in mountains and gorges, in streams and over glaciers. Thousands of young women have been widowed and thousands of children have been rendered orphans. The gun has actually strengthened the criminal elements in society. Family feuds and personal vendetta are being settled through the use of gun. On the basis of gun, properties have been acquired forcibly and declared the act as legal and permissible. The weapon is being used for petty purposes and interests to the extent that under the fear of gun, matrimonial relations have been imposed upon unwilling partners. The gun has destroyed all such institutions as are essential infrastructure for the social and cultural development of a society like the schools, colleges, hospitals, bridges and other structures. The gun has closed the path to reason and found a short cut to the resolution of political differences by liquidating the political opponents. This difference of opinion has consumed many a distinguished scholar, intellectual, physician, and many others whom the society finds after centuries of waiting and expectation. What a tragedy that this enormous national treasure has been reduced to dust by the gun. 
 
Take whatever dimension of Kashmir politics during the last one decade, you will find that violence and gun culture have spread nothing but wholesale destruction of Kashmir and the new generation of Kashmir’s. Indian and Pakistani armies both claim to be the friends of Kashmir’s while painting each other as the enemy of the Kashmir’s. But when both of them play with ammunition and gunfire on the line of control, it is only the Kashmir’s who get destroyed, their houses are razed to ground, and their cattle are killed. Their fields are turned into ruins and their crops are set on fire. Thus Kashmir’s become the targets of the bullet of both the armies. A closer study reveals that while Pakistani army supplies guns to the Kashmir’s thus contriving his death, the Indian army guns him down while trying to disarm him. Kashmiri leadership has become a hostage to this death drama of Kashmir’s. Of course, while sitting in closed-door rooms, these leaders condemn the gun and call the violence as poison for political process.  
 
Every conscientious person is aware that killing any person on the basis of his political differences is in fact the butchering of the concept of political opposition. This in fact is the death of political evolution. Activists of National Conference are being killed on the basis of difference in political views. If this is the practice then what can stop National Conference activists meting out the same treatment to their political opponents? We know of such reprisals enacted by JKLF and Hizbul Mujahedeen groups some time back. This is what took place between the activists of Hizbul Mujahedeen and Kuka Parry group also. Today the renegades are being butchered and they respond in the same manner. How unfortunate that the entire Kashmiri nation is engaged in a fratricidal killing. We know of no other community that is so seriously engaged in destroying its own generation. If the tempo of this fratricide continues, what will be the end result for the Kashmiri nation? Where shall we find succor for our orphans and where shall we find suitable matches for our young girls of marriageable age? What will happen to our progeny?. And then the million dollar question shall remain, viz. the purpose for which we had taken up the gun, did we achieve it?  Have we achieved even ten per cent of our goal? Have we made any progress in making Kashmir part of Pakistan or independent? To what extent have we been able to mould world opinion in support of our cause? The simple answer to all these questions is a big NO. 
On the ground  :
 
The ground reality is that a decade of unrelenting violence has rent asunder the fabric of our society and polity. Today we stand divided on ideological basis. Violence has rapidly increased the number of our graveyards, our widows and orphans. External elements have been provided full freedom to interfere in our affairs and matters. Today we are more than 85 per cent in the control of these external elements. Our economy has shattered. Educational institutions have seen decline and downfall. Ignorant elements deliver life threats to the honest journalists for saying the truth. In other words those leaders and political entrepreneurs claim to be the upholders of the birth right of Kashmir’s, namely the right to self-determination, are not ready to allow the Kashmir’s to speak the truth. Thus the permanent victims of gun and brutalities today in Kashmir are the youth and the truth.  
 
Calls for strike :                                                                              
 
Day in and day out, calls for hartals and strikes are given, The pseudo-leaders consider these calls and their results as a symbol of their power and strength although they knew it better than anybody else that these strikes are observed only out of fear of gun and not out of any sincere sentiment. A common Kashmiri is fed up with these calls and strikes. This is what could be gathered from the speech made by Yasin Malik, which he made at the grave of the martyrs after being released from the jail. He said,” people should take note talking of peace and peace alone, the outside world gets a wrong signal.” This means that ordinary people were now talking of peace only. Many years ago, I had advised the Kashmiri leadership to put only that they can carry much of burden on the shoulders of the people as without distress. If the people get the impression that they could not get anything in return of immense sacrifices they have made, then they would get disappointed and distance themselves from the struggle. This is precisely what is happening today. More than 35 thousand Kashmiri young boys and girls have migrated to other parts of India to receive education and training for career making. There are many chances that the Indians will benefit from this special manpower in final analysis. 
 
International public opinion
 
Human Rights Commission holds its meetings at Geneva twice a year. For last ten years, India and Pakistan along with some Kashmir’s on either side have been trading accusations of human rights violations against each other. Till date the UN did not appoint a Commission that would conduct inquiry into these allegations. The OIC raised hue and cry that in Indian part of Kashmir, the Indians subjected Kashmiri Muslims to repression. But with the passing of each day, these OIC member countries increased the quantum of their trade with India. Larger and larger labour force from India is coming to these countries and helping the home country with foreign exchange remittances. Thus India’s economy is receiving a boost through it. After Kargil fighting, India made it known to the whole world that whatever is happening in Kashmir is because of Pakistan’s interference. The world was convinced with India’s allegation of “cross-border terrorism sponsored by Pakistan.” The pressure mounted on Pakistan by world opinion in the matter of Kargil shows that India had succeeded in making them concede what she had been alleging against Pakistan. 
 
Hijacking of an Indian airliner from Nepal by Kashmir related militants gave another handle in the hands of the Indians to tell the world that Pakistan was interfering in their matters and exporting terrorism in the country. Three persons set free against the released of the passengers went to Pakistan. 
 
Track II :
 
In today’s international political strategy, most of the matters are discussed under Track II dispensation. It means discussing in closed-door meetings on informal levels but with formal recognition. India has a host of evidences to prove that Pakistan is sending foreign Militants to fight in Kashmir and that she is providing training facilities to Kashmiri militants for “terrorist and subversive” acts. The world has not only accepted this stand of India but has turned a blind eye to the use of excessive force by Indian security forces to quell the movement in Kashmir. Of course, occasionally the Amnesty International or some other human rights organizations may speak a word or two to assuage the hurt feelings of the
 
Kashmir’s. However, India has been able to convince the world that human rights violations in Kashmir might occasionally take place because of the use of gun and the cross firing that follows it. When an infiltrator from the other side of the line of control seeks shelter in some house, the security forces arrest them. In the course of this action also some innocent people get killed because there is firing on both the sides.  In short on international level, it is confirmed that international opinion cannot be smoothened in favour of Kashmir struggle because of the indiscriminate violence to which the militants have resorted.  
 
Might of the State: 
 
The world endorses the principle that those using the gun to get their demands accepted should be met with the full might of the state. All countries in the world apply this principle. In 1954-55, Pakistan, resorting to this option, brutally suppressed the rebellion in POK. The Punjab Constabulary blasted private house with detonators. Should I venture to write in detail about this event, readers may attribute it to my bias. As such, I shall refer to Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan’s book titled” Muqaddima Kashmir,” published by Jung Publishers in 1987 for the first time. Three or four times the President of PoK, Sardar Qayyum is an ardent supporter of Kashmir’s accession to Pakistan. He writes as this (pages 110 – 111):  “The entire area was given in the control of army. There was exchange of fire between the army and the rebels in Rawlakot, Barel and Palandhari and people on both sides got killed. Punjab Constabulary was deployed. The repression unleashed by this force on our people is too horrendous to recount. They indulged in misbehaviour and excesses to the farthest limit. In the bazaars of Palandhari, they put ropes in the necks of many an honourable citizen and dragged them along the streets like cattle. They would order their captives to give out a dog’s bark or a cat’s mew. Then they were subjected to lashing. They huddled no fewer than fifty persons in one prison cell normally made for one prisoner. They left no stone unturned to oppress and tyrannise the people ”. Sardar Qayyum writes:
 
The policemen would suspend a whip on a pole along the pathway and then order the people to salute it. This was one way of humiliating the people. They would under orders assemble the people in the locality and then make them hold their ear lobes.They were allowed to go back to their homes after dusk many people had to pawn their cattle and even their womenfolk to raise funds to pay the land tax. In many cases the taxes were realized for the fourth or fifth time because each revenue officer would want to realize it during his tenure.” 
 
Clinton’s visit :
 
President Clinton’s South Asian visit generated hope among the Kashmiri people. Some of the Kashmiri leaders even thought of fixing a meeting with President Clinton. They were heard saying that if India did not obstruct, the meeting had almost been fixed. This speaks for classical innocence of Kashmiri leadership. International protocol lay down that if the head of a state visits another state, nobody could stop even the staunchest of that state’s opponent from meeting the visit dignitary. Clinton did make a formal reference to Kashmir, which meant nothing. But of course, addressing the people of Pakistan on TV during his stopover, he exhorted them to give up violence and come out of the siege of Kashmir issue. The way in which President Clinton changed his airliner while landing in Pakistan gave a clear signal to the world that Pakistan was involved in the politics of terrorism. Nobody was left with any doubt about it.  
 
Those who do not try to understand international politics and those who do not see beyond the veil of human rights of western countries, they will not be able to know where the interests of these countries lie. An American Congressman said on TV that India talks business with the US while Pakistan talks of Kashmir. The US must decide in the light of her interests. This is what not only the Asian but also the people all over the world need to understand. Western countries care for their interests. That has been their policy in the past and shall remain in future as well.
 
 Religious extremism :
 
Religious extremism has engulfed the entire world. There is bloodshed in Algeria. There is terrorism in Egypt. There is fighting in Chechnya. There is talk about Osma bin Laden. There is the question violence in Kashmir and the Philippines. There has been the New York Trade Fair bomb blast. In all these incidents, there is reported to be the hand of religious extremists groups. The activities of religious extremists have brought a bad name to the Muslims all over the world. The impression everywhere is that Muslims are extremists. It is regrettable that a religion like Islam that teaches peace and which literally means peace should be tarnished by the unbecoming acts of the militants among the followers of this faith. How then can a common Muslim accept that these people are fighting a war for Islam? Moreover when we say that Islam is the second largest religion in the world, the question is what and where is the threat for Islam? Are these so called Islamic fighters bringing anything but death and destruction to Muslims?  More than 65 per cent of the total drugs produced in the world are produced in Afghanistan. But the rulers there claim to have established an Islamic theocratic regime.  How can one convince the world that Afghanistan is an Islamic state? What type of Islamic State is it when it brings death to the entire world in the shape of drugs? 
 
During Yeltsin’s president ship, Chechnya got autonomy and they chose their own President. They should have rebuilt their country, provided educational facilities to the people and worked towards their upliftment. They should have entered the computer age and become rivals of the Russians. But instead of this they blasted bombs in Moscow, or kidnapped the Russians in buses. The result was their total destruction. Russia razed it to the ground. In Algeria and Egypt, the Islamists mercilessly butchered their own men in buses, cars, on the roads and in houses. Bombs were planted which shattered buildings and cut people into pieces. What did the terrorists gain from it? What did the Muslims get from unleashing killing and loot and arson in Somalia? In Pakistan Shia-Sunni sectarian conflict consumed innocent lives in mosques, Imam Bargahs, market places and in crowded places. 
 
India is let off the hook: 
 
Violence and gun unleashed by the militancy give a free hand to India to perpetrate oppression. The proliferation of gun goes in favour of India. In the first place, India finds vast training field for its forces in guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. Like Afghans, no country in the world is prepared to provide political or military support to the Kashmiris. The arms supplied by Pakistan are of light caliber, which can be countered by India easily. India can continue with this type of conflict for a century. She has no dearth of manpower not of weaponry. The arms and ammunition seized by India from the militants in Kashmir can equip one full Brigade. The gun has given the Indians a clear opportunity of liquidating Kashmiri youth after arresting them on charges of colluding with militants. The security forces of the land where Ram and Sita and Gandhiji preached the lesson of non-violence learnt for the first time in Kashmir that they had a license to kill human beings and humanism. The outside world is a silent spectator to all this because there are vested interests. 
 
Pakistan’s role :
 
Pakistan has helped its people and nation to come to the brink of insolvency. Her military rulers and intelligence agencies have anchored their existence on fomented enmity against India. Entire Pakistani nation has been made a hostage to this scenario. No institution in Pakistan is safe from the jackboot of neither military nor it ever. So much so that even the Supreme Court too has been made hostage to the whims and wishes of the military dictators. Be it the verdict of Justice Munir in favour of Governor Ghulam Mohammad and against democracy or be it the verdict of “necessity” by Justice Anwarul Huqq during the regime of Zia, or be it the recent decision of the Supreme Court on the seizure of power by General Musharraf, the institutions of justice have always submitted to the power of the gun. Is it not unfortunate that the Supreme Court has given the military ruler a right to rule for three years and has thereby given the military rule the legal support for dismissal on October 12, 1999 of a democratically elected government? What is more, a gun wielding military man can now change the constitution unanimously framed during Z.A. Bhutto’s regime. Like this is not to found anywhere in the world. 
 
There have been rebellions. People in power have been assassinated. Constitutions have been abrogated. But the judiciary has seldom legitimized oppression. The question is how can Pakistani institutions speak of justice before her military rulers? The former Law Minister in Nawaz Sharif government namely Khalid Anwar was presenting the case against military intervention in the writ petition against the dismissal of Mian Sahib. He said that the army was the most corrupt institution in the country. He said that all the institutions in the country together spend nearly 69 billion rupees while as the army alone spends 145 billion rupees.
 
The Chief Executive remains outside the purview of Ehtesab or accountability. In this way, Pakistani army has found only one source to sustain itself on this huge expenditure and that is the Kashmir issue. How then can Pakistani army wish that Kashmir issue be resolved? If the Indian army is shelling from the control line and thus killing the people in PoK, why does the Pakistani army return fire when it know that only Kashmiris will be killed as a retaliatory action? Why don’t they shell the border villages in Punjab and Rajasthan so that not Kashmiris but Indians would be among the killed?  The politics of gun is a necessity with Pakistan army. Likewise Indian security forces and some Indian extremist politicians to find a necessity in continuing the policy of gun because the Indian security forces have found a training field in Kashmir. But have the Kashmiris and their leadership ever tried to ask what did they get out of this gun?. The answer is that they get nothing but death and destruction. 
 
Further division of Kashmir:  
 
Hurriyat Chairman Mr. Geelani has proposed further trifurcating of Kashmir. In truth he has not committed a crime by making such a statement. Jamaat-e-Islami never made a secret of the fact that it has been fighting for Kashmir’s accession to Pakistan. According to Pakistan’s plan called Operation Topic, the aim is to acquire Kashmir Valley. Will further division of Kashmir resolve the tangle? No, it can never happen. Therefore the only solution for Kashmir issue is that both India and Pakistan allow Kashmir to be united and Jammu and Kashmir becomes a secular state giving internal autonomy to all regions of which it is comprised. 
 
Offer for talks :
 
The release of Hurriyat leaders from the Indian prisons created the worldwide impression that India is talking to the people. Some of them are reported to have secret talks also. A 100-minute secret meeting was held in the private residence of the Kashmir University Vice Chancellor between a senior Hurriyat leader and the Indian Defence Minister. But at the same time the APHC has put the entire Kashmiri nation into confusion in regard to their talks with the Government of India. The State Department of the US has appreciated India’s initiative of talking to the Hurriyat leaders. Pakistani leaders have expressed their indifference to these talks thereby adding to the confusion of Hurriyat. It is out of this confusion and chaos that the Hurriyat has demanded tripartite talks. From this the entire world community got a signal that by demanding inclusion of Pakistan in the talks, Hurriyat is performing the role of a supporter of Pakistan.  
 
The question is not that APHC has made any wrong demand because Pakistan is a party to Kashmir dispute because she has occupied Gilgit, Baltistan and PoK. The question is that in the context of Indian part of Kashmir, talks will take place between India and the Kashmiris on that side. Pakistan joining the talks at a certain stage is but natural. But why should Kashmiri leaders advocate the case of Pakistan? Therefore the demand of the Hurriyat betrays lack of political sagacity. At the same time, why should not Pakistan offer the PoK leadership to talk with Islamabad as is done by the Indian government? If India gives Hurriyat leaders to meet anybody including the Pakistani High Commissioner in New Delhi, why should not Pakistan given the same freedom to PoK dissidents to meet the Indian High commissioner in Islamabad? 
 
If there is no gun?  
 
Kashmir and Kashmiri leadership should immediately reject the politics of gun. Not only that, they should declare gun as the enemy number one of Kashmiris. They should declare that the gun and violence are the worst enemies of their movement. They should adopt the path of non-violence as their line of action to bring them to their cherished goal. Yasin Malik and his colleagues have presented an example to this effect in recent days. When the Kashmiri nation rejects gun and gun politics in letter and in spirit, then the only sources responsible for violence in Kashmir would be the Indian and Pakistani forces. Kashmiri youth will no more be victimised for border crossing, arrest for alleged gun running and of custodial killings. But in civil disobedience scenario, killing of innocent and unarmed people will strengthen international opinion in favour of Kashmir’s. Indian rulers will not more find an excuse to tell her people and the world at large that she is obliged to fight terrorism in Kashmir. This will also bring to an end the business of those who are making fast buck from gun diplomacy. Any oppression or repression against the journalists will go into the account of Indian or Pakistani forces or renegades. At the top of it, Kashmiri intellectuals will find space and confidence to write the truth and convey it to the people. Those who have left Kashmir will find opportunity conducive for returning to their places of origin. Kashmiri nation will not be tarnished for alleged murders on the basis of political differences and more women and girls of our land will be saved from becoming widows and orphans. No more graves will have to be dug for the Kashmiri youth.  
 
The last thing that I think I have a right to say in the capacity of the son of the soil. The pain that has accumulated within my breast for Kashmir and Kashmir’s is that Kashmiri leadership should try to realize the pain and suffering of a common Kashmiri. The pain inflicted by a prospect of arrest or by becoming a victim of terrorism or getting killed in the process. The pain that is inflicted by the dark prison cell turns the black nights into a monster. They should realize the pain suffered by a widow who is obliged to look after the orphans. They should realize what it means to the young generation of Kashmir’s who find nothing to sustain them. They should realize what happens to the parents of those dear ones who have been put to eternal sleep in their graves. This all is beckoning them to play the role of an efficient physician, diagnose the disease and make the proper prescription. The prescription of gun has brought the Kashmiri nation to the brink of disaster. This is the time that strategy should be changed keeping in view the ground realities. This is the time that non-violent movement is given a chance. This is my appeal to the leadership and I hope they will listen.               
 
        Above article was published in various Newspapers in India Pakistan and Jammu Kashmir.
written by :  Hashim Qureshi
 
  01Jan-2008          

Kashmir ! “ Freezing To Defreeze ” By Hashim Qureshi

Kashmir: the flash point

Kashmir issue has become Damocles sword hanging on the heads of nearly 1.35 thousand million people of the subcontinent. Any dangerous event like that of hijacking of an Indian airliner in December 1999 can bring the two countries to the brink of a destructive atomic war. And if that happens, the people of the entire subcontinent will go a century backward. Apart from that, the future generations will have to bear the brunt of this catastrophe for many centuries to come. The people of the entire subcontinent will be afflicted with poverty, ignorance, hunger and disease. The cause of all this destruction will be the Kashmir issue.hashim qureshi

Horrendous scenario

On both sides, precious resources are diverted to stockpiling of arms and preparations for war machine. An ugly turn that this issue is likely to take is that of wrecking the communal harmony and the sentiment of peaceful coexistence of different religious entities in the subcontinent. If religious sentiments of the people of the subcontinent in general and in India in particular, are aroused, and the people are set to cut one another’s throat, the results will be only horrible. The world will write us off as human beings. We will be called semi-brutes and beasts and nothing less.

We must know it clearly that if we fight a war on the basis of religion against Indians in or outside Kashmir, then evidently we are doing nothing short of issuing a death warrant against 200 million Muslims of India. We will be playing with the lives, honour, dignity and future of these Muslims. The Kashmir’s must make an assessment of the happenings of last ten years. Our achievement during this period is nothing but death and destruction, mutilated bodies and decimated habitats, increasing number of widows and orphans, razing of school buildings to the ground and wrecking of institutions of public utility. Bombs and guns have rent our social structure as under.

In order to restore the dignity of Kashmiri nation, honour and respect of our mothers and daughters, and to restart our lives with a futuristic vision, we need peace and order enabling us to move ahead on the path of progress. We need to enter the new millennium along with other communities and societies. We need to get rid of bomb blasts, gun culture, destructive philosophy and negative approach. Intellectuals in both the countries and also those in Kashmir shall have to ponder over this situation in all seriousness. The question is did the people of India and Pakistan gain anything by prolonged animosity for last half a century? Do human problems get resolved by blasting bombs, firing guns and shedding innocent blood? A destructive war has ravaged a beautiful country like Afghanistan, and turned it into a heap of rubble. Nuclear bombs, too, have not been able to resolve the differences between the two countries. All that they could achieve through nuclearisation was to keep the pot of dissension simmering. The Kashmir’s, too, shall have to come out of a syndrome of sentimentalism and realize that without ideological and intellectual guidance it will be impossible to arrive at the destination. How long are we going to let our generations grope in darkness? We must ask ourselves a simple question: whether by just raising pro-communal slogans and shedding the blood of some innocent people in the name of religion, has any religion been eradicated from the surface of the earth lock, stock and barrelo? In Europe, many wars were fought. But ultimately they realized that there was no escape from peaceful coexistence among people of various faiths.

Responsibility

We the Kashmir’s have to take a decision whether we have to remain silent spectators of the ongoing fighting and thus, in the eyes of our future generations, become responsible for their destruction? What happened in Afghanistan? In the name of religion and sect, the Afghans turned their homeland into ruins. Should we expect that those with no qualms of conscience for turning their homeland into ruins will bring us freedom or have the ability of resolving our human problems? Support to this type of thinking will result only in the kind of bomb blasts that happened in Batmaloo in the first week of January 2000. In this bomb blast, along with some security force personnel, no less than 17 Kashmir’s were also killed. Imagine the condition of those parents whose dear ones were torn into pieces by this bomb blast. What will be the condition of the parents when they come to collect the severed limbs of the victims of blast. Therefore if we choose to become silent spectators today, then we are criminals in the eyes of our future generations.

No option but peace

Restoration of peace is of utmost importance in the subcontinent. A solution is needed that would satisfy all the three parties and ensure their honorable and secure life. Staking my thirty-year political career, I would like to make some proposals for bringing immediate peace and relief to the human beings in this strife torn land. I for one is prepared to sacrifice my life for the protection and welfare of the people of the subcontinent and of Kashmir in particular, in order to liberate them from slavery and oppression. I opt for resolution of the issue through peaceful negotiations. I have already been struggling against innumerable odds and have been suffering many humiliations and accusations besides the privation of thirty years of life in exile but reiterating at every stage and every point of time the inevitability of resolving the dispute through peaceful negotiations.

Appeal

I make a fervent appeal to the intellectuals of India and Pakistan that they should muster courage, as I do, and react on the suggestions stated below after giving them due thought. It is their moral duty to impress upon the people holding authority in both the countries to turn away from confrontational postures and address themselves to the Herculean problems of poverty, disease, ignorance, backwardness and economic deprivation afflicting the hundreds of millions of people in the subcontinent.

Proposal for Indo-Pak detente

1. Both India and Pakistan should formally declare their acceptance of freezing the Kashmir dispute for next 20 years beginning with the millennium.

2. Both the countries should send back their regulars and paramilitaries to the barracks in parts of Jammu and Kashmir under their respective control.

3. All armed and unarmed foreign nationals should leave Kashmir forthwith. In order to realize this objective, both the countries should evolve a joint mechanism.

4. Adequate and viable steps be taken to stop extremist religious groups on both sides from indulging in campaigns of communal hatred against one another.

5. People in both the countries should be provided with a very liberal and easy system of obtaining visa for visiting their relatives, friends and kith and kin on both sides.

6. Both India and Pakistan should re-start bilateral dialogue to resolve all outstanding issues. Once Kashmir dispute is frozen, it should not be difficult for them to come to some understanding on the resolution of other issues.

7. India and Pakistan should open bilateral trade as early as possible. It should be supported by exchange of cultural delegations. The two approaches will undoubtedly help overcome the climate of suspicion and hatred that has been prevailing for a long time.

8. Both countries should immediately stop carrying out all antagonistic propaganda against each other.

9. Both the countries should stop supporting terrorist activities on their soil. Additionally, they should take stringent measures to curb the activities of such organizations as are known to be promoting terrorism and violence.

10. Both sides should constitute high power committees comprising political and economic experts and renowned intellectuals who will work towards changing the 53-years long mindset of hatred and animosity on both sides and create an atmosphere of mutual trust and confidence.

Towards resolution of Kashmir dispute

1. Both India and Pakistan should agree to give maximum quantum of autonomy for twenty years in the first instance to the people in Jammu and Kashmir under their respective control. Only defence, currency, foreign and communication should remain with the two states and all the remaining powers should be delegated to the people in Kashmir. Gilgat and Baltistan and Azad Kashmir should be brought under the ambit of one constituting assembly.

2. All political prisoners in Indian jails should be set free. Both the governments should provide information to the relatives of the people whose whereabouts are not known. People implicated in acts of terrorism and murder, should be brought to the book.

3. A system of liberal and easy issuance of permits be evolved by both India and Pakistan enabling the people on either side of the line of control to cross over and meet their relatives and friends.

4. People who have been driven out of their homes on either side of the control line in the wake of the events and partition of 1947 should be resettled at their places of origin in the State. In particular, people of various faiths like Pandits, Sikhs and Muslims, forced out of their homes during past ten years of turmoil in Jammu and Kashmir, should be brought back to their respective places, rehabilitated and illegal occupation of their lands and properties be immediately vacated. The Muslims of the valley, particularly those in the towns, should form local committees who will visit their Pandit neighbors in Jammu camps and entreat them to return to their places of origin promising them the safety of their life and honour. This is a religious and moral duty.

5. Kashmir’s should be given the right of expressing their wishes freely under the guiding principle of non-violence.

6. Kashmir’s on both sides should be provided with full support to reconstruct their shattered economy and developmental programs. They should also be supported to rebuild modern educational institutions.

7. A high power commission comprising intellectuals, politicians, economists, technocrats and social experts from India, Pakistan and Kashmir be constituted. Its term of reference would be to prepare the people of all the three regions, psychologically and practically for a permanent solution of Kashmir tangle by inviting viable proposals. The Commission would be entrusted with the mandate of finding a peaceful and lasting solution to Kashmir problem. Endorsement of any permanent solution by the Indian and Pakistani parliaments and the Legislative Assemblies of the two parts of the State of Jammu and Kashmir would be an important condition.

Benefits

1. In the wake of freezing Kashmir issue, a situation of armed confrontation between India and Pakistan would come to an end. The apprehension of accidental war will recede. All armed activities linked to Kashmir dispute will come to an end, which, in turn, would eschew the accusation and counter accusation syndrome between India and Pakistan.

2. In the absence of looming cloud of Kashmir issue, India and Pakistan will be facilitated to resolve their other pending bilateral issues. Easy visa system will help people travel across the line of control without fear and with all freedom. This would gradually minimize and fully remove the atmosphere of mutual suspicion and hatred prevailing for a long time.

3. Entering into trade relations for a period of twenty years would develop a climate of commercial brotherhood. This leads to developing of common interests in each other’s welfare and stability. At no cost should such carefully constructed relations be allowed to break.

4. People in the entire region will be relieved of the hanging sword of a destructive war. By diverting huge funds from building military machine to developmental plans, hundreds of millions of people will be delivered from hunger, disease, ignorance and unemployment.

5. Pakistan will get an opportunity of reconstructing her economy and repaying foreign debts to the tune of 52 billion dollars. India stands to gain by saving the huge military expenditures of Kashmir operation.

6. Kashmir does also stand to gain by agreeing a twenty-year freeze on Kashmir issue. The present state of undeclared war and its disastrous consequences in all walks of life must come to an end. Otherwise it is going to fragment the Kashmiri society and rent its social fabric asunder.

7. In the event of a disastrous war between India and Pakistan, the onus of total destruction of the subcontinent will be brought to the doorsteps of Kashmir’s only. It is bound to inflict severe damage to her profile and everything else. We have been impatiently waiting for freedom of Kashmir not for only 53 years but actually for nearly four centuries in the past. Another twenty-year wait would not be asking too much particularly when such a wait is expected to bring convincing results in train. Allowing the situation to drift the way it is going, undoubtedly means that Kashmir is heading towards fragmentation and ultimate destruction.

8. Those who will be most seriously affected by the ongoing state of things in Kashmir will be none but the Kashmir’s. If after giving sacrifices of 40 to 50 thousand precious lives over a period of ten years no Islamic country came to the rescue of Kashmir’s nor did it hurt the rest of the world, what then is the purpose of continuing a disastrous struggle?

Kashmir’s have to ponder over this question and decide.

I hope all elements seriously and sincerely interested in calling a halt to the catastrophic situation in Kashmir, will consider these proposals seriously and without sentiment, and make their input in their implementation. This will be a historic service to the cause of promotion of human rights and of preserving and protecting peace in the region. Let us join hands in this noble task. I would like to tell the people of Kashmir once again that I was the first Kashmiri active nationalist who hijacked an Indian airliner way back in 1971. As a youthful Kashmiri, I was also infused with the burning spirit of freedom of my motherland. But that incident opened my eyes and taught me a lesson, which I would have never otherwise learnt. It made me shun violence once for all, and take the path of non-violence for realizing any goal. It made me a humanist and a human rights activist. We shall not achieve anything by taking up arms for a fratricidal war and engineering the destruction of our motherland. Let us turn away from the path of violence and seek peace, security and prosperity of our oppressed people.

HASHIM QURESHI

Chairman

JK DEMOCRATIC LIBRATION PARTY

 

GLOBAL EXTREMISM & SOUTH ASIA

Covering an area of almost two million square miles and home to over a quarter of the world’s population, current regional and global developments between the West and South Asia necessitate greater security cooperation in order to guarantee mutual strategic interests and address global security challenges.Eastward-march-of-terror-696x390-300x168

EXPANSION OF ISIL IN THE REGION

ISIL developed large ‘market penetration’ in South Asia by overcoming language barriers, exploiting sympathies amongst authorities and locals, as well as, building underground cells that have allowed ISIL to successfully recruit more jihadists to join the battlefields in Syria and Iraq.

The recruitment and rise of South Asians in the ISIL hierarchy has specifically enabled the group to carry out extremely successful linguistic market penetration. Recruitment videos and propaganda materials are released in the Indian-subcontinent in Hindi, Urdu, Bengali and Tamil besides other regional languages and dialects.

ISIL has also been gaining considerable ground in Afghanistan due to an extremist conversion from Taliban to ISIL which has inspired members of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) to alter their allegiance as well. While, monetary benefits are stated as the main reason for the conversion, through rapid expansion, the announcement of a Caliphate and their anti-Shia ideology, it is proven the romanticism of ISIL is the main influence.

If radicals of other Pakistani groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and the anti-Shia group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, flip sides as well there could be a snowball effect. The conversion can be interpreted as thinking that their own organizations have compromised too much on their radical ideology with the Pakistani military in order to maintain their protection.

Additionally, Bangladesh witnessed the rise of Pro-ISIL outfits who carry out a sophisticated online and on the ground recruitment policy. A newly created front called Jund al-Tawheed wal Khilafah (JTK) is the main and most vocal platform for recruits and fundraisings from Bangladesh. It aims to establish a new ‘caliphate’ encompassing Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

JIHADIST COMPETITION IN THE REGION

The remarkable expansion of ISIL has not only sent shockwaves throughout the Western world, but has also instigated other extremist forces like Al-Qaeda to strengthen their reach and adopt new strategies in South Asia.

Worried by ISIL’s international ambitions, Al-Qaeda decided to bring at least a dozen independently operating extremists groups (mostly from Pakistan and Afghanistan) together into one branch. These groups have longstanding, extremely extensive networks in the region supplemented by the formidable infrastructure of thousands of Madrassas. These Madrassas mostly promote religious education based on the doctrine of extremism, which serves as ideological foundation to these groups.

This new branch in South Asia, called Al-Qaeda in the Indian Sub-continent (AQIS) has proposed several locations for potential operations including: Kashmir, Gujarat, Assam, Burma and Bangladesh are part of this ambitious and dangerous coalition.

Whether the establishment of the branch is an announcement to counter ISIL’s expansion or an invitation to work together with them is debatable. But by all means, both scenarios are extremely dangerous.

NATO’S GLOBAL PARTNERS

Since 9/11, NATO has focused more on addressing global threats stemming from areas beyond the North Atlantic. Thus, NATO´s global partnership program was created in 2011, which to date, includes Pakistan and Afghanistan.

There is an urgent need to work more closely and diligently to eliminate the global security concerns emanating from South Asia. Bilateral conflicts of interest between Pakistan and Afghanistan should urge NATO to formulate well-defined mutual goals much like the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI). The self-differentiation and diversity components of ICI have been good improvements as compared to previous agreements. The objectives as stated in the current Tailored Cooperation Programmes are too vague and thereby vulnerable.

The government of Afghanistan needs to be strengthened financially and militarily in order to tackle the various extremist forces in the country. Economic development and mainstream education should become the tenets of progress and de-radicalization. The current NATO Mission ‘Resolute Support’ focuses on training and advising Afghan forces which creates a strong foundation, however it should remain flexible by giving due attention to the ANA Trust. A recent increase in violence, casualties and the overall expansion of Taliban and ISIL warrant for an extended mission. Therefore, the Afghan Army has not been successful in countering the resurgence of Taliban forces in the south and east of Afghanistan. In the interest of peace in Afghanistan and maintaining the strategic gains made by NATO forces, the current changed scenario would justify a longer mandate for the Resolute Support Mission.

The Pakistani civil government and its military establishment need to coordinate regarding the country’s stand vis-á-vis terrorism. The Pakistani Army is the seventh largest army in the world and should be ensuring the objectives of NATO’s partnership which is crucial to provide an effective international security structure. NATO must ensure that the political and security perspectives of the military establishment in the country are comparable, compatible and have equal commitment and dedication from all involved parties.

NATO’S ROLE FOR POTENTIAL COOPERATION

Economic interdependency amongst countries in South Asia is key to regional stabilization. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established to pursue this objective with integration in South Asia, but needs to be strengthened through diplomatic facilitation from NATO Allies and Partners.

Opportunities to formalize intelligence sharing policies among the region ought to be availed. The spread of extremist forces in addition to their interrelated networks and infrastructure should compel the nations in South Asia to overcome mistrust. Instead, they should embark upon a path of institutionalized cooperation regarding timely and accurate intelligence sharing.

Besides providing expertise and experience to these countries on this matter, NATO should avail opportunities of engaging in bilateral agreements of intelligence sharing, counter-terrorism policies and maritime security with the respective countries in South Asia. The Wales Summit Declaration emphasizes that there is a need for a coordinated international approach to counter ISIL. Considering the true spirit of this Declaration, the recruitment wave of ISIL in South Asia should act as a trigger to widen the formal coalition against ISIL and enhance it by bringing South Asian countries onboard.

Sharing best practices from NATO’s Training Mission-Iraq (NTM-I) into its recent Capacity Building Initiatives (CBI) in Jordan, Moldova and Georgia have had an enormous beneficial impact in these countries. They have succeeded in strengthening their respective national security apparatus against external threats as the main focused areas of training, mentoring, equipment donation and coordination from the NTM-I were continued and incorporated into these CBI’s. NATO’s contribution to international stability, security and conflict prevention could also prove to be a robust base for cooperation in South Asia. As there is an urgent need to expand NATO’s advising and assisting expertise in security and defense reforms while aiming to encourage the establishment of self-sufficient security institutions in these countries.

The training and education components of these initiatives include providing for the infrastructure and transforming these engagements into long term bilateral security cooperation that could prove to be extraordinary fruitful in countries like Afghanistan, which struggles with high illiteracy rates among their armed forces and security establishment; and Bangladesh, which struggles with a highly politicized military.

COLLECTIVE APPROACH

From the expansion of ISIL and its worldwide recruitment policies, it has become evident that the threat of terrorism is not restricted to its region of origin anymore. The mass use of Internet and social media has obscured the borders of extremism in South Asia as well and pose an undeniable menace to global peace. South Asian allies and partners should be formally incorporated and take a lead in implementing policies that compliment NATO objectives and stem the tide of radicalization in the region as this situation demands a collective approach from the West and the East as equal partners and stakeholders.

Junaid QureshiJQ-300x251-300x251

http://atahq.org/2015/12/global-extremism-south-asia/

DAILY KASHMIR IMAGES

VOICE OF VIENNA

Junaid Qureshi is a writer/columnist for Kashmiri, Indian and Pakistani newspapers on topics ranging from Terrorism, Human Rights and Geo-Politics of the Subcontinent. He is also a Human Rights activist and a speaker at seminars at the United Nations Human Rights Commission in Geneva. His main areas of expertise are South Asia, Terrorism, India-Pakistan relations and the Kashmir-Issue. He advises various NGO’s, European Union Institutions, Foreign Affairs Committees of European Governments and Think-Tanks regarding the political situation of the Subcontinent and Terrorism. He is a regular contributor to the ATA by writing research based articles on the potential of collaboration between NATO and South Asia. He is a senior member of the JK Democratic Liberation Party based in Srinagar, which strives for a peaceful solution to the Kashmir-issue.

 

ISIS (Daesh) attack on Paris: impact on Muslims by Hashim Qureshi

On November 13, the blood of humanity was spilt mercilessly on the streets of Paris. ISIS barbarians shed the blood of humanism in the name of peaceful religion of Islam. The title of the one who brought the message of Islam is one the grace for the two worlds. Among all prophets, he is the one ordained to bring the message of bliss. The Creator of the Universe has not given authority to anybody of killing anybody. He has not permitted any human being to usurp the right of another human being. He has considered killing of a person equal to killing entire humanity.

In his name more than 150 innocent people were killed and over 300 persons were wounded, many critically.  How can anybody have the right to indulge in such heinous crime?

Regrettably, I cannot summon courage to write on this carnage in Paris. I am trying hard to record my protest on this inhuman act of massacre. Humanism demands that I should distance myself from these barbarians. That is why I am struggling to script these lines here.

People know Paris as the city of infatuation; the city of bright springs and freedom and equality. The innocent people gunned down in this city never knew what was their fault or crime. We also know that the innocent people of Iraq, Libya and Syria, too, had no fault whatsoever. However, the first principle of seeking justice is that the oppressed should not stain his hands with blood. Gunning down one innocent in revenge of gunning down another innocent person is not just and permissible. It is revenge.

Pakistani columnist Wusatullah Khan wrote: “that two and a half months ago the dead body of Alkurdi was found lying on the seashore of Turkey. Except a few rich Muslim countries, the rest of them were shocked. Europeans opened their doors for Syrian refugees.” He writes “that 95 per cent Muslims do not accept the jihad concept of al-Qaeda and Daesh. Various Muslim groups like Shia, Sunni, Deobandi, Barelvi, Wahhabi, and Salafi etc. sometimes admit each other into the Islamic fold and sometimes exclude them from the fold. Sometimes they link them up. Was ever until today a decree (fatwa) issued during last twenty years from Islamic centres like Al Zahra University, office of the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Darul ulum Deoband or Madrassa Rahimiyah Qom to the purpose that al-Qaeda, or Daesh or their advocates are excluded from the Islamic circle for perpetrating disturbance on the earth. Whenever such a question is raised, its answer is evaded”.

More than twenty million Muslims reside in European countries. Their youth are excelling in education, science, business and many other fields of activity. They are adequately supporting their parents and family members left behind in mother countries. In addition, they are using all clandestine methods to obtain citizenship for their relatives in European countries.
I can bring an instance to memory when in Holland. “A case of brother and sister marrying was reported to an Asian Embassy. A person trying to obtain citizenship for his brother would show marriage with the wife of the brother. If a brother and his wife are settled in Europe, he tries every possible way of bringing his brother and brother’s wife to that country as citizens. They do it by administering divorce and then remarrying of course on paper. After five years, they again submit divorce papers. Many religious scholars have declared it disallowed (haram). Late Maulavi Noorani had often said that this was a prohibited and illegal practice.” However, the axiom is that necessity is the mother of Invention.
The point I want to make is that the Muslims and the people of the East have played a hundred and one tricks to wriggle out of poverty and destitution. In the process, they also got enlightened with education. The father of Pakistani nuclear bomb Abdul Qadir was also studying in Holland and was associated with the atomic energy institution of that country. He came to Pakistan equipped with atomic formula. Thousands of scholars from Asian and African countries received education from European universities. Great intellectuals like Qaed Azam Muhammd Ali Jinah, Allama Iqbal, Gandhiji, Pandit Nehru, Dr, Ambedkar, Zulfikar Ali Bhutoo, Chou En Lai and others received education in European universities and worked to contribute to the welfare and uplifting of human beings. This Europe opened doors for more than two million Muslims from Syria and Iraq. The Arab States, who go about trumpeting the Islamic lesson of goodwill, did nothing except becoming mute spectators of their death dance. “How brazenly they give long sermons that if the Muslims in the west are in trouble, their brethren in the East should become partners in their pain.”

A few self-styled leaders, maulavis and Islamic scholars try to justify such barbarian acts by claiming that these are not terrorist Muslims. Were Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin Muslims? That time is gone. We should remember that even during that period, Muslims had not lagged behind in perpetrating bloodshed and massacres. During Ottoman period, thousands of women from European and Asian countries were taken prisoners and made servants and concubines. Were not our ancestors resorting to such inhuman treatment to innocent people? We need to come out of the past and no excuse can wash off the atrocities that we perpetrated in the past.

Consequences of such attacks in Europe and in the US (after 9/11) have been simply awful. For Muslims travel in Europe and the US is fraught with much trouble and hassle. Admission of Muslim students in professional and non-professional colleges has become very difficult. Muslims receive humiliating treatment in buses, trains and airplanes. At immigration counters, they are meted out insulting treatment. Hatred is expressed towards them in shops and offices. Obtaining a job has become extraordinarily difficult for them. “It is true that not every Muslim is a terrorist but it is also true that every terrorist who is caught is a Muslim.”

Ultra nationalists in Europe are becoming stronger and stronger with each passing day. Political parties that could never make any mark are now making coalition governments frequently. The day is not far away when these parties will converge into majority and then it will become difficult for the Muslims to live in Europe. They will not be able to breathe freely. They will be left with no alternative to run away from Europe to save their lives and honour.  The type of attacks made in Paris will change the psychology of the people and European secularist and the avalanche of hatred will sway liberals.  All the factories of so-called human rights will pull down their shutters. “This is precisely what one Mayor of France has demeaned. Right wing ideologue and French Mayor Robert Chardon has demanded complete ban on Islam in France. He has said that France needs a Martial Plan according to which Muslims have to be thrown out of France and sent to those countries where Islam is prevalent.” We should not forget that more than sixty lakh Muslims from Arab countries, Africa and Asia are living in France.

Let us examine our conscience and ask how many Islamic countries have protested against Paris carnage? In how many countries Muslims came out on streets on the call of their rulers to protest against this inhuman act? In which Muslim country did the national flag fly half mast in the memory of the innocent people murdered in cold blood? Which Islamic university issued a fatwa against this carnage? The French people got killed in the sea for bringing foodstuff to the Palestinians in Gaza Strip.

In Peshawar, Taliban barbarians killed 130 schoolchildren. Entire world expressed shock and sorrow and condemned the barbaric act. However, when the Pakistani army did carpet bombing in Waziristan and tribal areas as a result not a leaf survived on the tree branches not to speak of houses, schools, hospitals and other structures, no human being raised voice against this inhuman act?  The reason was that the grim picture of dead bodies of Peshawar schoolchildren was fresh in the minds of people. However, when gruesome murders like this happen in other places like India, USA or Europe, why do we become mute spectators? Are we not becoming prejudiced and hypocrites’?

Those who seek to find justification for violence and killing in scriptures are the worst enemies of humanity. No scripture and no religion in the world preaches killing of human beings. Those who do these heinous acts are the worst enemies of Islam, a religion of peace and fraternity.

Terrorism gives birth to violence, injustice, prejudice and extremism; it is antidote to progress and development. Humankind has gone through a long struggle to achieve the level of education, knowledge and scientific advancement. Terrorism negates all these achievements. It is a poisonous snake and before it is able to spread its venom all around, the head of this snake has to be smashed.

I do not expect that fluttering of Pakistani and ISIS flags in our mosques and public gatherings will be given up after the tragic event in France. We know these flags are hoisted in the expectation of “remuneration” from concerned quarters. However, based on my knowledge of Kashmirian emotionalism and the element of hatred, I am confident that people with conscience and human instincts will hate terrorist acts like these. Experience has shown that terrorism turns civilization into ruins. After all, terrorism is an enemy of progress, humanism, respect, human fraternity, religious tolerance and science and art.  It breaks God’s finest creation meaning humankind into pieces. It does not allow the dearest sons of parents even to find a shroud for their dead bodies.

Writer is: Chairman, JK Democratic liberation Party
 E-Mail :jkdlphq@gmail.com, hashimqureshi6@yahoo.com
 Please visit:
 hashimqureshi-jkdlp.blogspot.com
 www.jkdlp.org

 

CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND JAMMU & KASHMIR

Junaid-QureshiBy Junaid Qureshi
The impact of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor on the region is a very broad subject with many layers and interrelated dimensions. As a State Subject of the State of Jammu & Kashmir, I will mainly concentrate on the implications of this corridor on the State of Jammu & Kashmir and try to elaborate its effects on the people of this region and on the future of the wider Kashmir-Issue.

The people of Gilgit Baltistan are equal stakeholders in the Kashmir-Issue and are as much Kashmiri as the Kashmiris living in other parts of Junaid QureshiJ&K. Unfortunately, for all of their history they have been forgotten, neglected, insulted and exploited.

Throughout history, Pakistan has attempted to change the demographics of Gilgit Baltistan. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor can be best classified as deliberate attempt to carry this tradition forward and even aim to change the demographics of the actual Kashmir-Issue.

In 1949 the area of Gilgit Baltistan was named ‘The Northern Areas of Pakistan’ and put under the direct control of the Federal Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas Affairs, which de facto is run by Islamabad. Afterwards, it was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who abrogated the State Subject rule in this part of J&K. The next Pakistani ruler, Zia-ul-Haq, unleashed anti-Shia forces in the region during his term, which caused extreme socio-political polarisation in especially Skardu. After that, ‘Tribal Lashkars’ started the institutionalized abduction of women and massacred thousands of Shias in 1988.

Pakistan’s stance on Gilgit Baltistan in particular and on Jammu & Kashmir in general has been full of paradoxicalities. In 2009, the Pakistani government passed the Gilgit Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance order. The order turned Gilgit Baltistan into a province while Gilgit Baltistan has never been constitutionally a part of Pakistan. It has even no mention in the Constitution of Pakistan.

To make matters more complicated and perhaps even incomprehensible, the Pakistani Supreme Court in 1994 observed that these areas ‘are part of Jammu & Kashmir State, but are not part of Azad Kashmir’.

Utterly contradictory to its actions, Pakistan has officially been rejecting the full integration of Gilgit Baltistan by propagating that such an action would be unjust considering its international obligations with respect to the Kashmir-Issue.

A few months ago, Pakistan again raised the Kashmir-Issue in the United Nations and propagated an independent and impartial plebiscite under UN supervision, which would enable the Kashmiris to claim their inalienable right to self-determination.

As a nationalist Kashmiri who believes in the ideology of an Independent, united and secular Jammu & Kashmir, the UN Security Council resolutions hold no relevance for me, but perhaps some other Kashmiris who have been victims of propaganda need to understand the duplicity of Pakistan’s role in the UN vis-à-vis the Kashmir Issue.

The right of the Kashmiri people to self-determination was abrogated by Pakistan itself in the UN Security Council. It was the Pakistani Foreign Office which in a letter to the Security Council signed by Zafrullah Khan -the then Foreign Minister of Pakistan- enquired if the words ‘future status’ as stated in the resolution of 13August 1948 could mean an Independent Kashmir. An affirmative reply from the Security Council, caused the Pakistani governmentto suggest an amendment to this resolution.
In a letter to General McNaughton, President of the Security Council, dated 28th of December 1948, Pakistan wrote to propose a change to this clause. It requested to substitute the words “the future status of State of Jammu and Kashmir” by the following:”The question of the accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to India and Pakistan”. India did not object to this amendment and subsequently, on the initiative of the Pakistani Government, the question of the future of Jammu & Kashmir and its inhabitants was transformed into a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan.

As a result, the resolution of 5 January 1949, changed into: ‘The question of the accession of the State of Jammu and Kashmir to India and Pakistan will be decided through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite’.

Even Pakistan’s call for a plebiscite is mere lip-service, as it is Pakistan which will have to act first if such a plebiscite has to take place. Part II of the Truce agreement puts all liabilities on Pakistan. Three important clauses of this agreement are: 1) As the presence of troops of Pakistan in the territory of the State of Jammu and Kashmir constitutes a material change in the situation since it was represented by the Government of Pakistan before the Security Council; the Government of Pakistan agrees to withdraw its troops from that State. 2) The Government of Pakistan will use its best endeavour to secure the withdrawal from the State of Jammu and Kashmir of tribesmen and Pakistani nationals not normally resident therein who have entered the State for the purpose of fighting. 3) Pending a final solution, the territory evacuated by the Pakistani troops will be administered by the local authorities under the surveillance of the commission.

Coming back to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, I would like to emphasize that I am not averse to economic development, solutions to Pakistan’s growing economic crisis or the eradication of poverty. I welcome that and wholeheartedly wish that the friendship of China and Pakistan will flourish into eternity. However, as a Kashmiri, I have my strongest reservations regarding this new economic corridor, the origins of which can be traced back to the Border Agreement of 1963 in which Pakistan ceded more than 5000sq miles of Jammu & Kashmir to China.

The people of Gilgit Baltistan have no constitutional guarantees of their political liberties. They have no say over their natural resources and minerals. All decision-making powers in relation to forest, power, tourism and minerals are under the direct control of the Gilgit Baltistan Council, which is headed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan.All the mining licenses are also directly issued by Islamabad.

The economic potential of Gilgit Baltistan is such, that had the people been masters of their own destiny and not treated as a colony by Pakistan, Gilgit Baltistan could finance the complete construction of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor. There is an abundance of water resources, minerals worth billions of dollars andan ocean of undiscovered tourism potential in this part of Jammu & Kashmir.

There are at least 5000 glaciers, including three of the largest in the world outside of the polar regions in Gilgit Baltistan. It has almost 2500 glacial lakes. The potential of Power is 52.000MW, while the requirement of the indigenous population is just 150MW.

Gilgit Baltistan and its ecological habitat will also be effected negatively. Researchers have concluded that the current rise of temperature will dry up the glaciers in the Karakorum and Himalayan region within a century. The toxic gasses and heavy traffic flow related to the construction of this corridor will only enhance the melting of the world’s largest reservoir of fresh water glaciers.

The factories which will emerge during the construction of this corridor will use all the minerals of Gilgit Baltistan as raw material for which the population will not be paid any royalty. The proposed shifting of the Sost Dry port from Gilgit Baltistan to Havelian will also result in devastating loss of whatever little business the inhabitants have.

Based on facts, one is compelled to conclude that not the people of Gilgit Baltistan, but thePakistani Army and Navy will be the actual economic and strategic beneficiaries of this corridor. One of the arrangements of this deal is that Pakistan will purchase eight attack submarines and six patrol vessels from China. Thisarrangement will elevate China as Pakistan’s primal arms provider, a contract to the tune of 5 billion dollars, while it will seriously disturb the equilibrium in the Indian Ocean and thereby threaten the already fragile peace in the region.

I firmly believe that the construction of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor is illegal. Gilgit Baltistan is part of Jammu & Kashmir State, the future status of which still needs to be decided according to the wishes of the people living in Jammu, Ladakh, the Kashmir Valley, Pakistan Administered Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan.

The construction of this corridor, complimented by the military benefits for both China and Pakistan and an investment of 46 billion dollars, has all the ingredients to exacerbate the complexities of the Kashmir-Issue, threaten peace and cement China’s stake in Jammu & Kashmir.

Any kind of solution to the long standing Kashmir-Issue will only be jeopardized by these kind of intrusions. China is not investing billions of dollars to simply withdraw if any solution is found to the Kashmir Issue. Its investment guarantees their strategic interests in the region.

The people in Gilgit Baltistan are not in need of economic corridors of exploitation. They are longing for basic human rights and their political liberties. Admittedly, we Kashmiris have also been culpable of neglecting Gilgit Baltistan as we were too pre-occupied trying to liberate just one part of Kashmir on the behest of intelligence agencies, working in their national interests, while they usedus Kashmiris as cannon fodder.

We Kashmiris must comprehend that Kashmir is more than the Valley only and protest against the China Pakistan Economic corridor as it is an attempt to further destabilize the region in general and the Kashmir-Issue in particular. No country, not even our so-called elder brother and benefactor, has the liberty to impose economic corridors on us by force.

There is a need to unite and contemplate on what we need to change in order to defeat this new ‘Game-Changer’.

The author can be reached at junaidqureshi8@yahoo

 

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